Eye Condition: Macular Degeneration

Eye Condition: Macular Degeneration

This leading cause of blindness is characterized by damage to the macula, the area of the retina that perceives light. Risk factors include: age, smoking, female gender and family history. Unfortunately, there is no known cure for macular degeneration. However, current treatments can slow the progression of the disease.

Treatment: Age-related macular degeneration treatments may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression of the disease considerably. Several treatment options are available, including:

  • Anti-angiogenic drugs.Injected into the eye, these medications block the development of new blood vessels and leakage from the abnormal vessels within the eye.
  • Laser therapy.High-energy laser light can sometimes be used to destroy actively growing abnormal blood vessels.
  • Photodynamic laser therapy.A two-step treatment in which a light-sensitive drug is used to damage the abnormal blood vessels. A medication is injected into the bloodstream to be absorbed by the abnormal blood vessels in the eye. A cold laser is then shone into the eye to activate the drug, damaging the abnormal blood vessels.
  • Vitamins C, E, beta-carotene, zinc and copper can decrease the risk of vision loss in certain patients with intermediate to advanced dry age-related macular degeneration.

This common eye problem can be cured or at least slowed if caught early by an eyecare professional


Seeing your eye doctor regularly is the best way you can ensure healthy vision for years to come. Please call 03 9310 7900 or Click here to book an Eye Test Appointment

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